. assist her in whatsoever business she hath--"may have" need of you--some private business of her own. 1:1 and 1 Tim. which laboured much in the Lord--referring probably, not to official services, such as would fall to the deaconesses, but to such higher Christian labors--yet within the sphere competent to woman--as Priscilla bestowed on Apollos and others ( Acts 18:18 ). In this case, supposing the elder of the two to have departed to be with Christ ere this letter was written, or to have been residing in some other place, and Rufus left alone with his mother, how instructive and beautiful is the testimony here borne to her! This does not mean that he was the author of this letter. Romans 2:1-16 is a powerful passage about the nature of God’s justice. 1. Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica. They risked their lives for me. 11. Amen--The "Amen" here has no manuscript authority. Very little is written in the Bible about Andronicus. Salute Herodias my kinsman. Romans 16 New Living Translation (NLT) Paul Greets His Friends. Interpersonal Reconciliation (Rom. Greet also the church that meets at their house. I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon. (2) "The wisdom of the serpent and the harmlessness of the dove"--in enjoining which our apostle here only echoes the teaching of his Lord ( Matthew 10:16 )--is a combination of properties the rarity of which among Christians is only equalled by its vast importance. 8. And of course, if "Junia" is to be taken for a woman, this latter must be the meaning. Romans 14 Bible Study. 1 I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a deacon # 16:1 Or servant # 16:1 The word deacon refers here to a Christian designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Phil. Amen." Greet Philologus, Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas and all the Lord’s people who are with them. What comes after this, where one would have expected the epistle to close, has its parallel in Philippians 4:20 , &c., and being in fact common in epistolary writings, is simply a mark of genuineness. 3:8,12. of the church in Cenchreae. His Christian hospitality appears to have been something uncommon. Greet my dear friend Epenetus, who was the first convert to Christ in the province of Asia. The σὺν αὐτοῖς ἀδελφοί of Romans 16:14, and σὺν αὐτοῖς πάντες ἅγιοι of Romans 16:15, have been taken by De W. and Reiche to point to some separate associations of Christians, perhaps (De W.) assemblies as in Romans 16:5; or (Reiche) unions for missionary purposes. Keep away from them. I urge you, brothers and sisters, to watch out for those who cause divisions and put obstacles in your way that are contrary to the teaching you have learned. of
But as Rome was then the center of the civilized world, to and from which journeys were continually taken to the remotest parts, there is no great difficulty in supposing that so active a travelling missionary as Paul would, in course of time, make the acquaintance of a considerable number of the Christians then residing at Rome. and my fellow prisoners--on what occasion, it is impossible to say, as the apostle elsewhere tells us that he was "in prisons more frequent" ( 2 Corinthians 11:23 ). The custom prevailed among the Jews, and doubtless came from the East, where it still obtains. And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly--The apostle encourages the Romans to persevere in resisting the wiles of the devil with the assurance that, as good soldiers of Jesus Christ, they are "shortly" to receive their discharge, and have the satisfaction of "putting their feet upon the neck" of that formidable enemy--symbol familiar, probably, in all languages to express not only the completeness of the defeat, but the abject humiliation of the conquered foe. 22. (4) As Christians are held up and carried through solely by divine power, working through the glorious Gospel, so to that power, and to the wisdom that brought that Gospel nigh to them, they should ascribe all the glory of their stability now, as they certainly will of their victory at last ( Romans 16:25-27 ). 2 Welcome her in the Lord as one who is worthy of honor among God’s people. Greet Rufus, chosen in the Lord, and his mother, who has been a mother to me, too. One such difficulty worth discussing here involves the question of to whom the passage is directed. And we may rest well assured that the prosperity or decline of churches, and of individual Christians, will have not a little to do with their faithfulness or indifference to this imperative duty. and by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to all nations for--in order to the obedience of faith--Lest they should think, from what he had just said, that God had brought in upon his people so vast a change on their condition without giving them any previous notice, the apostle here adds that, on the contrary, "the Scriptures of the prophets" contain all that he and other preachers of the Gospel had to declare on these topics, and indeed that the same "everlasting God," who "from eternal ages" had kept these things hid, had given "commandment" that they should now, according to the tenor of those prophetic Scriptures, be imparted to every nation for their believing acceptance. ", 25. 4. who have for my life laid down--"who did for my life lay down" their own necks--that is, risked their lives; either at Corinth ( Acts 18:6 Acts 18:9 Acts 18:10 ), or more probably at Ephesus ( Acts 19:30 Acts 19:31 ; and compare 1 Corinthians 15:32 ). Sweet compulsion, if what he thus beheld issued in his voluntarily taking up his own cross! That in the earliest churches there were deaconesses, to attend to the wants of the female members, there is no good reason to doubt. We read in Mark 15:21 that Simon of Cyrene, who was compelled to bear our Lord's cross, was "the father of Alexander and Rufus." but their own belly--not in the grosset sense, but as "living for low ends of their own" (compare Philippians 3:19 ). She is a servant of the church in Cenchrea. Romans 16:1-27 . Phoebe Commended. Greek name, which signifieth an ear of corn those already named of you some. Do in serving the church in Cenchrea whole church -- ( See Acts 16:1-5 Commentary Critical and on. 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